Stonehenge Bluestone Quarry Slab
This specimen is a custom-cut and tumbled slab of dolerite bluestone recovered downstream from the quarry at Craig Rhos-y-Felin located on the northern flank of the Preseli Mountains near Pembrokeshire, Wales. Recent petrographic studies have closely linked chippings from these dolerite bluestones to the bluestones installed at Stonehenge roughly 4,500 years ago.
"The stones are great, and virtue they have." ~ Laȝamonn, Brut, 1190 CE
Of the numerous megalithic stone structures found throughout the British Isles and Continental Europe, Stonehenge is arguably the most famous. This ring of iconic stones was likely set in place around 2,500 BCE as part of a series of monuments, burial grounds, and ritual sites built in the same area over the course of thousands of years. Two primary types of stone were used to create Stonehenge: large, sarsen stones, composed of local silicified sandstone, and smaller 'bluestones' of Welsh origin. Recent petrographic studies have closely linked chippings from the dolerite bluestones at Stonehenge to the quarry located at Craig Rhos-y-Felin.
Located on the northern flank of the Preseli Mountains near Pembrokeshire, the Craig Rhos-y-Felin quarry was an active site for thousands of years, with the earliest known human encampments dating to 8,500 BCE. Research suggests that stones extracted from this quarry migrated from site to site, "borrowed" for different uses, and radiated outward over time until being used at Stonehenge some 140 miles away.