Mammoth Tooth Fragment
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This specimen is a larger fragment of a woolly mammoth tooth recovered during the preparation of the Fourth Edition. The tooth was recovered from the bottom of the North Sea in the area referred to as "Doggerland," which was once above water and was home to a rich steppe ecosystem during the Pleistocene.
Each fragment is quite unique, varying in shape, color, and texture. The average size is 1.5-2cm in length. The item is housed in a glass-topped riker display box measuring 4x3x1 (inches). A small information card will accompany the specimen.
About Doggerland and the Woolly Mammoth
"Doggerland was the real heartland of Europe until sea levels rose to give us the coastline of today." ~ Dr. Richard Bates, Geochemist, St. Andrews University
Great Britain was not always an island. During the Pleistocene, it was the northwest peninsula of the European continent. Bounded to the north by steep walls of ice, the land between was home to a steppe ecosystem full of life. Now lost beneath the waves of the North Sea, this phantom countryside is known as Doggerland. The name for this land is borrowed from the Dogger Bank, a large sandbank which rises 20 meters (66 ft) from the seafloor and extends over 17,600 square kilometers (6,800 square miles). The region is now a fertile fishing ground which occasionally yields remains from a long vanished world of Neanderthals and megafauna like the woolly mammoth.
This specimen is a fragment of a woolly mammoth tooth recovered from the lost world of Doggerland. The high-crowned molars of woolly mammoths are pleated with ridges of enamel: somewhat similar to the dentition of the modern Asian elephant, but distinct from the fewer, diamond-shaped, enamel plates of the African elephant. The morphology of mammoth teeth and the distribution of mammoth remains suggests mammoths were predominantly grazers subsisting mainly upon grasses and sedges, a diverse biomass that the modern Arctic tundra doesn’t approach.